Approach – The forward steps taken by a diver toward the end of the board. This usually involves three or more steps.
Back approach/Back press – This is the series of oscillations that divers do before leaving the board on a back or inward dive. The number of oscillations ranges from two to about six, and they are usually followed by the diver going up on their toes and circling their arms backwards in order to have a good takeoff.
Backward dive – A dive in which the diver begins with their back toward the water while they stand at the end of the board.
Backward flip – A move that involves a complete rotation of the body with the heels over the head.
Bail – Bailing is when the diver stops trying to do the dive while they’re already in the air because they don’t think they’ll be able to complete the dive. Bailing is never a good idea and usually ends with a “body smack”.
Balk – When a diver initiates a motion to begin a dive but discontinues before leaving the diving board. A balk is declared by the referee and causes a deduction of two points per judge. If the diver balks again or falls into the water, the referee declares a failed dive.
Call/”Hup” – When a diver asks for a call, this means that they want their coach to yell “hup” when they are supposed to come out of a dive, because they are still learning where the “out” is.
Coach – A person who is designated as one who is knowledgeable in the sport of diving and teaches others to execute skill, techniques and moves through conversation and psychomotor activities.
Crow hop – Crow hopping is when a diver leaves the board slightly while doing their back press, only to land on the board and then leave the board for their take off. Crow Hopping is bad.
Degree of difficulty – A measure of each dive, telling how difficult it is to execute. It is used to determine the final score. Also known as the tariff.
Diving well – The pool where depths are safe for diving to occur.
Entry – The point in the dive in which the diver makes contact with the water.
Flying – Used to describe a dive in which the diver assumes a straight position from takeoff, or after one somersault, before executing the remainder of the dive. The straight position must be held for at least one quarter of a somersault (90 degrees).
Forward dive – The diver faces forwards and rotates forwards away from the board entering the water with hands over head striking first.
Free position – A combination of straight, pike and/ or tuck positions when a twist is also incorporated. It can be one position and a twist, or any combination of positions and a twist.
Front flip – As the diver faces forward toward the water this is a move that involves complete rotation of the body with the heels over the head.
Fulcrum – An object or roller beneath the springboard which is part of the dive stand that can be manipulated to adjust the amount of flex in the board.
High dive – The three meter springboard.
Hurdle – Just after the approach, the diver hops, or springs, to the end of the board, taking off from one foot and landing on two feet. The takeoff occurs immediately after the hurdle.
Inward dive – The diver begins with their back to the water and rotates toward the board after take-off.
Judge – (Seven judges are standard in major competitions). In Madison Dual meets there are 3 judges, at the All City Championship there are 7.
Lead up/Build up – This is when a diver does a simpler dive to prepare themselves for a bigger dive.
Kick out – This is when a diver fully extends out of a dive and straightens out in order to have a good entry into the water.
Meet – An organized competition of divers with judges, referees and score keepers.
Over/Long – This is when a diver kicks out too late or is too loose in their kick out and they over rotate.
Pike position – the diver bends their body forward at the waist. The legs are straight and the toes are pointed.
Referee – Official – This individual, who is not a judge, is responsible for managing the competition and making sure all regulations are observed.
Reverse dive – Formerly called “gainers,” these dives begin with the diver facing the front of the board(using a forward approach) and rotating toward the board.
Rip – When a diver “rips” a dive, this means that their entry into the water is vertical, with very little splash, and when their hands break the water tension, it makes a very loud, very satisfying smacking sound.
Scoring – Is on a scale of 0-10, utilizing half-point or whole-point increments.
Shammy – The absorbing towel that divers use to dry themselves on the board before executing dives.
Somersault – (flip) When a diver rotates around his/ her horizontal axis in a circular manner.
Spot – A spot is a place where a diver will look in order to know when to kick out of a dive. The spot might be a spot on the ceiling, the wall or the water.
Springboard – A flexible diving board that adds to the diver’s own spring and take off.
Synchronized diving – Two divers of the same gender perform the same or complementary dives from the same level board at the same time – the aim being to execute their dive in a similar fashion.
Take off – The moment at which the diver lifts from the board or platform to begin execution of the dive.
Tuck position – A position in which the diver bends their knees, bringing or “tucking” the knees and thighs closer to the chest and heels toward the buttocks.
Twisting dive – Any dive that includes a twist, whether forward, backward, reverse or inward.
Under/Short – This is when a diver kicks out too early and they under rotate.
Water line – On cooler days, when the wind blows, divers may choose to wait in line in the warm water of the pool.